The Nevada Gaming Control Board (also know simply as Gaming Control) is a Nevada state governmental agency founded in 1955. The board was devised as a way of centralizing the poorly administered sections of gaming in the state of Nevada prior to 1955.
Before its inception, gaming licenses were issued and administered by local Sheriffs' offices. Today, the board is administered by three members, each appointed by the Governor. Members serve for four years.
Working with the Board is the Nevada Gaming Commission, which is responsible for administering the board's regulations and granting licenses. The commission has five members appointed by the Governor who also serve four-year terms. The commission was founded in 1959.Overview
The State Gaming Control Board enforces the laws and regulations of the gaming industry. It ensures the collection of gaming taxes and fees, and maintains public confidence in the gaming industry of Nevada. The board maintains offices in Carson City, Elko, Las Vegas, Laughlin, and Reno.
Offices are maintained 24-hours a day and issues arising in the state's casinos can be looked into immediately. Casino patrons who have disputes may call the board offices and lodge a complaint. If the issue is in regard to a disputed slot machine or keno payout or a table game irregularity, an officer may be dispatched to the casino itself for an interview with the patron.
Gaming Control Board officers are licensed to carry firearms and are POST trained and certified. They work closely with the Nevada Highway Patrol and do make arrests when the situation calls for this action.Board has Six Divisions
The gaming industry is the state of Nevada's largest employer and also pays the state's largest tax, so overseeing the casinos' tax base is an important part of the board. The six divisions of the Board include Administration, Audit, Enforcement, Investigations, Tax and License, and Technology.Administration
Like any administration department, this group is responsible for HR and the financial concerns of the Board and Commission.
Audit conducts live on-site audits as well as financial records work to determine whether taxable gaming revenues have been properly reported. The Division performs evaluations of non-restricted properties with $5.87 million or more in gaming revenues as well as regulating racing live broadcasts and off-track pari-mutual wagering.Enforcement
Enforcement is the law enforcement arm of the Gaming Control Board. This division conducts criminal and regulatory investigations, arbitrates disputes between patrons and licensees, and gathers intelligence on organized criminal groups involved in gaming related activities. Card counting is not a criminal offense, nor is it investigated by the GCB, unless electronic devises are used.
This Division also makes regular inspections of casinos to inspect all gaming items such as chips, dice, gaming devices like slot machines and roulette wheels, and my conduct background checks on possible licensees.
Enforcement agents work closely with each casino's managers, security, and surveillance personnel, thereby gaining knowledge about all aspects of a properties facilities, efficiency, and enforcement of state rules and regulations.Investigations
The Investigations Division is responsible for gaming license and key employee applications. Detailed reports are used by the State Gaming Control Board and Nevada Gaming Commission as the basis for licensing recommendations and decisions.
The Division also has a Corporate Securities Section which monitors, investigates and analyzes activities of registered, publicly traded corporations and their subsidiaries. In addition, actions which might affect the industry, such as changes in control, public offerings, involvement in foreign gaming, and recapitalization plans are scrutinized.Tax and License
As expected, the Tax and License Division collects, deposits, distributes and dedicates all gaming taxes, fees, penalties, interest and fines. This division also forecasts gaming taxes and fees for upcoming years. The Division also issues all gaming licenses approved by the Nevada Gaming Commission and performs compliance reviews of all non-restricted licensees that earn less than $5 million in gross gaming revenue annually. It is also responsible for monitoring all Indian gaming in Nevada.
As the expansion of computer-driving gaming devices as spread to most aspects of casinos, the Technology Division has also expanded in size to meet the demand for critical examination and testing of these devices. The Division inspects gaming devices in its laboratory and at casinos to ensure integrity, and assists in resolving gaming patron disputes through analysis of device electronics and software. The division is also responsible for the Board's internal IT function.In the Beginning
Much has changed over the years in Nevada's casinos. Beyond the licensing of casino owners, which no-longer involves copious bribes to include even the most unsavory characters, the Nevada Gaming Control Board brought enforcement of honest, fair gaming to all casinos.
In years past, patrons who felt they had been cheated were most often ignored or thrown out of the casinos. Casino owners had the right to exclude any player, and used that right to remove troublesome players who thought (rightly or wrongly) that they had been cheated.
Over the years the Gaming Control Board has exercised its right to bar questionable ownership, remove owners, and restrict the licenses of casinos that failed to exercise proper control of all aspects of their gaming establishments. Gaming Control agents have also investigated and uncovered cheating in the way of marked cards, loaded dice, tampered-with slot machines, and even weighted keno balls that offered players "in-the-know" easy pickings.